One of such religious missions was the Wesleyan Methodist, presently the Methodist Church of Ghana. This act marked the formal establishment of the Methodist Church in Ghana. Oil Promises - Ghana’s Dreams of Black Gold When oil was discovered in Ghana in 2007, the country began to dream big. Speaking to the GNA Sports in an interview, the Newcastle winger said the squad understood the task ahead and have accepted the responsibility to bring … Because of the rapid spring-up of a lot of these faith-based groups, one of the major concerns of many citizens of Ghana is the that they are bringing about confusion in the land. There are various clinics and mission hospitals that have been established to cater for the health need of Ghanaians. Ghana - Ghana - Independence: Nkrumah saw independent Ghana as a spearhead for the liberation of the rest of Africa from colonial rule and the establishment of a socialist African unity under his leadership. At their arrival, they built the Fort St.George (Sao Jago) which is known as Elmina Castle today. Christian Atsu, Black Stars midfielder is confident Ghana will win her fifth African Cup of Nations (AFCON) this year, in Egypt. But as the Europeans invaded the country during the era of colonialism, Christianity began to gain its footing. Christianity has played a vital role in the development of Ghana in so many ways. A man called Thomas Birch Freeman, who came into Gold Coast in 1838 is said to have expanded Christianity in Ghana. News Ghana is Ghana's leading online news portal for business in West Africa and around the World. Author Richard Reddie writes about the Atlantic slave trade, how the Bible was used by Christians on both sides of the issue and the abolitionists who sought to bring it to an end. The Catholic Church is one of the mainstream Christian religious missions in Ghana. The Methodist Church was established in Cape Coast by the Rev. Others within this category are the African Methodist Episcopal Zionist, Christian Methodist, Evangelical Lutheran, Baptist churches, and the Society of Friends. They are said to be the sect that brought Christianity to Ghana. Furthermore, in terms of health care service delivery, there are quite a number of churches in Ghana who have also played a major role. The renewal he brought to Christianity was unprecedented. A. an increase in countries producing their own goods and not needing to trade B. the arrival of Christianity and the decline of Islam C. enemy nations using sophisticated warfare to overpower the outdated tactics of the empire In fact, it is the first mission that was established by Europeans on the Ghanaian soil. The reason for many of this break-aways is fracases which the people had with the founders. On March 26, 1835, he issued to fifty adherents, the first Methodist Church membership cards ever given in Ghana. As it stands today, Christianity is the most pronounced religion among all the religions in Ghana. Since the introduction of Christianity, the religion has continued to have a widespread influence. The Ghana Empire, called the Wagadou (or Wagadu) Empire by its rulers, was located in what is now southeastern Mauritania, western Mali, and eastern Senegal. In fact, it is the first mission that was established by Europeans on the Ghanaian soil. Colonial Administration and Christian and Muslim missions, especially in the colonial era, brought about rapid social changes and transformation. Please enter your username or email address to reset your password. The Catholic Church is one of the mainstream Christian religious missions in Ghana. There were many different cultural groups across the West African region who were practicing different forms of spirituality. Mr. Joseph Rhodes Dunwell in 1835. READ ALSO: Speaking in tongues nonsense and silly – Mzbel. If they were caught, they faced death for failing to worship the emperor. Then, there are lesser gods that live in different places like the streams, mountains, rivers and trees. Auguste Moreau (33) and Eugene Murat (31), both French national and from the Society of the African Mission (S.M.A) are credited with the re-establishment of the Catholic Church in Ghana. For example, in Akan, He is called Nyame while in Ewe, He is Mawu. The only difference was that the Roman Catholic had a moderate representation at the Central region and Ashanti region. Even though they are all classified as Christians, there are some differences in their doctrinal beliefs. Yet, before their arrival, there had been different traditional practices which were in operation in the country. The question of whether Christianity is a Whiteman's religion has been a lingering debate for generations. By continuing to use this website you are giving consent to cookies being used. He said the birth of Christ should bring spiritual renewal and transformation to the life of every Christian. The various Christian denominations have grown from their humble beginning in the 19th century into the mega-institutions that they are in the twenty first century Ghana. Over many years he pointed others to Africa’s proper place in contemporary worldwide Christian discourse. This is because many do not know which church is good or fake, hence, the reason for them falling victim to fake preachers. The Methodist and Catholic church has now been overshadowed by Pentecostal and charismatic churches. This was done at Elmina (El Mina-the gold mines) in 1482 by some Catholic priests who accompanied the Portuguese immigrants who arrived in the Gold Coast in January 1482 to build Fort St.George (Sao Jaogo), the present day Elmina Castle. The coming of the Europeans to the Gold Coast and their spread was what led to the introduction of Christianity in Ghana. Tel: +233 234-972-832 or +1-508-812-0505 Contact us: [email protected] It currently has the largest number of followership in Ghana. After establishing a mission station at Elmina by 31, March, 1882, the S.M.A missionaries decided to extend the Catholic faith to Kumasi, the capital of the Asante state. Based on records, he took Methodism from the coastal areas to Kumasi in the Asante hinterland of the Gold Coast between 1838 and 1857 and also founded Methodist Societies in Nigeria with the help of William De-Graft. READ ALSO: Ghanaian pastors and their suspected political parties. Unfortunately, many of these churches followed after the Old Testament doctrine and so, they got involved in the sacrifice of animals and others. The Europeans had brought the religion to the area when they came over. Islam was introduced by traders of Sahelian tribes of West Africa. According to statistics released in 2012, 74.1% of the entire population of Ghana practice Christianity while Islam has around 17.5% of the entire population. Visit our, Preech Media Celebrates Its 5th Anniversary With Amazing Surprises For Their Fans, Coronavirus hits Ghanaian tutor hard-Prof. Peter Quartey, Kirk Franklin Says Cheating on His Wife Would Be Like Cheating on God. The introduction of this religious group took place in 1482 at Elmina. Every level of education in Ghana has several mission schools that teach the Government approved curricula. The impact of Christianity on sub-Saharan Africa1 Matsobane J Manala Department of Philosophy, Practical and Systematic Theology University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa Abstract The aim of this article is to describe the impact of Christianity on sub-Saharan Africa. Christianity was brought into Ghana by the Europeans who arrived on the Gold Coast in the 15 th Century during the exploration of West Africa. Christianity has become the most practiced religion in the country. In terms of membership strength and geographical reach, the Methodist Church is the second largest church in Ghana. The beginning of Christianity in Ghana dates back to the 15th century when the Europeans arrived at the then Gold Coast. Among all the ethnic groups that existed in Ghana, there was a traditional practice before the introduction of other forms of religion. It was not uncommon for emperors to turn the people against the Christians when Rome was faced with difficulties. In Ghana the charismatic movement began in the 1950s with the emergence of new Pentecostalism. Thus, this article takes a look at the history of Christianity in Ghana. In recent times, there have been splits in churches with many of them going on to start their own. Later, many leaders who claimed to be called of God without any formal or spiritual training began to emerge. Christianity in the Ghana Gold Coast began in the fifteenth century. They would, in due course spread the Catholic faith to other communities (Ahiable-Addo 2001:2). We also have Pope John Senior High School and Minor Seminary, and Adisadel College on the list. The traditional worshippers believe that there is a major supreme being whom they assume to be isolated from the daily religious activities of the people. Frs. Ghana, together with the whole of the West African region, was known for various forms of spirituality that they were practicing. Establishment of Christian Churches In Ghana. Thomas Thompson, arrived in Cape Coast in 1752. Because of the missionary activities of Christian religious groups like the Wesleyan Methodist Church, the Methodist Church Ghana was birthed. The presence of the Dutch (1637-1872) in Ghana forced Catholicism into recession for two hundred and thirty eight years. Ghana, together with the whole of the West African region, was known for various forms of spirituality that they were practicing. This website uses cookies. But as the Europeans invaded the country … By the time of the Muslim conquest of North Africa in the 7th century, the camel had changed the earlier, more irregular trade rout… Moreover, at just about the same time that the Methodist church came into Ghana, the Roman Catholic was also introduced in the 15th century. This action was necessitated by the capture of all Portuguese possessions throughout the West Coast of Ghana between 1637 and 1642. Anim and Rev. ACCRA (Reuters) - Ghana is embracing the Christian faith with a fervour that is increasingly shaping its national identity. Eventually, the religion overshadowed other forms of traditional or spiritual practices. It is worth noting that since the introduction of the Christian faith, it has overshadowed all other forms of religions operating in Ghana. Based on all that has been said so far, it is a proven fact that the presence of Christianity in Ghana has brought major developments into the land, although it has had it's ups and downs. The Christian religious group has also taken active roles in national politics. 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The first converts were usually the poor and slaves as they had a great deal to gain from the Christians being successful. How did Ghana get to be known as Christian nation? Among his pioneering achievements, he arranged for three youths to be sent to England for training as evangelists. There are also prophecies on the increase as people have been made to believe that until a prophet speaks or prophesies over them, they cannot experience real freedom. So, today, there are lots of one-man churches. There are various forms of Christianity that exist in Ghana today. However, in 1642, the Calvinist Dutch proscribed the Catholic Church. Yet, before their arrival, there had been different traditional practices which were in operation in the country. (Christian and Muslim) in formal education which initially brought the gates of higher learning to the people along the coast and in the savannah.3 However, before this period (the coming of early European traders and Islam to the gold coast), indigenous religion ensured the impartation of knowledge through ceremonial and informal means established by the society. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. Ghana is known as a Christian nation and every corner in Ghana has a church. This supreme being is known by different names. Ghana has won four AFCON titles – having last won in 1982 and would be on a mission to annex her first title in 37 years in Egypt in June. It also discusses the current status of the religion. Because of this, the denomination became the last major Christian denomination to be established in Ghana in the 19th century. He charted new directions for African Christian theology. It was later in May 1880 that the Catholic Church emerged again. In many ways, Prophet Harris can be considered as the precursor of the Pentecostal Movement in Ghana. The Catholic Church re-emerged in Ghana in May 1880 thus becoming the last of the major Christian denominations of the 19th century to be established in Ghana. The African Story: Amazing Growth, Unthinkable Persecution In the 20th century alone, there have been some 1.8 million Christian martyrs in Africa. The arrival of the Europeans in 15th century into the then Gold Coast brought Christianity to the land. Among the mainstream Christian religious missions that Ghana has witnessed are the Catholic and the Methodist churches. Christianity found its way to Sudan in the 1st century as well, and the region's Nubian churches had links to those in Egypt. Since the nation got her independence, there have been many leaders from the Christian body who have held major leadership positions in the country. In 312 Emperor Constantine made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire. Members of this Council include the Methodist, Anglican, Mennonite, and the Presbyterian. The beliefs and practices of the traditional religions in Africa can enrich Christian theology and spirituality." Christian denominations include Catholics, Methodists, Anglicans, Presbyterians, Lutherans, Seventh-Day Adventists, Pentecostals, Baptists etc. As the Europeans explored and took control of parts of the country during the colonial days, so did their religion. There are many churches today that operate primary, secondary and higher institutions of learning. He headed the country from independence in 1957 until he was overthrown by a coup in 1966. This was done at Elmina (El Mina-the gold mines) in 1482 by some Catholic priests who accompanied the Portuguese immigrants who arrived in the Gold Coast in January 1482 to build Fort St.George (Sao Jaogo), the present day Elmina Castle. In fact, most of these groups claimed to belong to the Pentecostal and Charismatic movements. Prior to that, Da'wah workers had made contact and written extensively about the people including inhabitants of Bonoman states located in the hinterlands of contemporary Ghana. The effect of this led to the proliferation of mushroom and fake doctrines in the country. However, this intention was not possible and it took the Catholic missionaries twenty eighty years to found a formal church in Asante. Christianity was initially known for sound doctrine and moral teachings that were aimed at grooming a responsible set of people in the nation. Accra, Dec. 25, GNA - Christians have been urged to manage the joy of Christmas not fall foul of the law. The country has diverse geography, people groups, and languages—with English as the common language, and more than 11 others with state recognition. In 1953 Rev. Ghana Manasseh Kwame Dakwa Bediako, late rector of the Akrofi-Christaller Institute for Theology, Mission, and Culture,[1] in Akropong, Ghana, was born on July 7, 1945. This happened after Joseph Rhodes Dunwell came into the Gold Coast (Ghana) in 1835. The early converts to Christianity in Ancient Rome faced many difficulties. The early Christian missionaries in Ghana toed a chequered but successful path to find a footing in Ghana. After earlier unsuccessful attempts by the missionaries Chretien Proten, Henrick Huckuff and Jacobus Capitein, the Anglican, Rev. After the founding of a republic in 1960, the state became identified with a single political party (the CPP), with Nkrumah, as life president of both, taking ever more power for himself. History of Islam in Ghana. Because of their close relationship with family loyalties as well as local mores, the traditional religion still maintains its influence in the land. Which brought an end to the great West African empires? Christians have been urged to manage the joy of Christmas not fall foul of the law. This was after some Catholic priests came with the Portuguese immigrants to the Gold Coast in January 1482. The Alexandria-based church initially used Greek, and it was not until the late 2nd century that both the liturgy and the scriptures were translated into three native languages. In fact Religion is seen in all aspects of the Ghanaians’ life. Some of the orthodox churches were forming their own groups and raising their own set of leadership without the approval of their mother church. However, there is a claim that the first mission to be established on the soil of Ghana was the Roman Catholic. Before the re-entry of the Catholic Church in to the evangelization field, other religious denominations had already established their bases along the coastal regions of Ghana. The Rev. As a result of the crises, many Ghanaian churches began to break apart. As a result, various denominations today like the Catholics, Baptists, Charismatics and Methodist are in operation. Its an undisputed fact that Ghanaians are very religious. Some of these institutions include St. Charles Secondary School in Tamale and Notre Dame Secondary School. Christianity is the religion with the largest following in Ghana. This has stayed in place despite the wide spreading of Christianity and other forms of religion in Ghana. Mark the Evangelist made history in the year 43 when he became the first bishop to serve in the Orthodox Church of Alexandria. Although Christianity began in North Africa several centuries before its introduction in Egypt, the church in North Africa did not grow as quickly because the North African church used the Latin language in its services and literature, rather than the language of the people. Forced Catholicism into recession for two hundred and thirty eight years Ghana mission! 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